Mumps is a contagious viral infection that primarily affects the salivary glands, causing swelling and pain. It is important to recognize the signs and symptoms of mumps, understand how to detect it, and know when to seek medical help.

Signs and Symptoms

Common signs and symptoms of mumps include:

  • Swelling and tenderness in one or both parotid glands (located below the ears)
  • Pain while chewing or swallowing
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle aches
  • Loss of appetite


Diagnosing mumps typically involves a combination of clinical evaluation and laboratory tests. A healthcare professional will assess the symptoms, examine the swollen glands, and may order blood or saliva tests to confirm the presence of the mumps virus.

Seeking Medical Help

If you suspect you or someone you know has mumps, it is important to seek medical help. Contact your healthcare provider promptly to discuss your symptoms and receive appropriate guidance. Avoid going to public places or close contact with others to prevent the spread of the virus.


The incubation period for mumps is usually 16 to 18 days, but it can range from 12 to 25 days. The contagious period begins a few days before the onset of symptoms and lasts for about five days after the swelling starts. It is crucial to stay isolated during this period to prevent spreading the infection to others.

In most cases, mumps symptoms resolve within two weeks without any specific treatment. However, medical attention may be necessary to manage complications or severe symptoms.

Remember, early detection, prompt medical help, and following isolation guidelines are crucial for managing mumps effectively and preventing its spread to others.

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